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Tips For Hill Climbing on a Mountain Bike

Mountain bike riding is a popular pastime and sport for many Americans. According to the National Bicycle Dealers Association, 28.5 percent of the bicycles sold by specialty bicycle shops in 2008 were mountain bikes. But it is a good bet that few of these riders consider actual mountain bike climbing to be their favorite part of the sport.

Climbing hills, particularly steep hills, is an activity that most riders approach with dread. They know from hard, painful, sometimes humiliating experience that mountain bike climbing leads to the agony of defeat much more often than it leads to the thrill of victory. With the right strategy, however, hill climbing can be done efficiently, without causing undue hardship to the bike or to the body.

Three Ingredients of a Successful Bike Climb

Biking enthusiast Ken Kifer says that there are three ingredients of successful mountain bike climbing:

1. Physical strength of the rider
2. Proper gear selection for the climb
3. Hill climbing strategy employed

Assuming that most people who participate in such a rugged sport as mountain biking are physically fit, the first ingredient should not pose too great an issue. If it is a problem, some rough and tumble rides up and down various hills for a few weeks should eliminate this obstacle.

Items 2 and 3, however, are not quite so easy to master. However, before these aspects are even attempted, one must choose the correct type of bike

Choosing the Correct Type of Bike

There’s a vast difference between a road bike and a mountain bike and not knowing this difference-and perhaps making the wrong choice-can make mountain bike climbing nearly impossible.

In general, one can tell the difference between a road bike and a mountain bike by considering two factors-the framing and tires of the bikes.


Because road bikes are built for speed, they typically have lighter frames than do mountain bikes. By contrast, the heavier frames of mountain bikes house suspension systems that are built to withstand the frame-jarring shocks of rough terrains.


Road bikes have thinner, smoother tires. The tires of mountain bikes, however, are broad with a significant amount of traction to handle rough terrains.

The Final Ingredients

The final two ingredients-proper gear selection and hill climbing strategy-are indispensable parts of each other. Both are essential ingredients of successful mountain bike climbing. Both involve strategy. And the uses of both are dependent on the different types of hills.

Mountain Bike Climbing Up Different Types of Hills

Most hills or mountains fall into three categories. Each category brings its own unique set of challenges. But each different type of hill can be conquered-with the proper strategy.

1.The concave hill is steepest as the top. Such a hill appears to get taller as the rider approaches.
2. A convex hill is steepest at the bottom. This type of a hill appears to get shorter as the rider approaches.
3. An even grade hill has a sloped, even rise.

To make mountain bike climbing even more challenging, some hills can be a combination of all three types and some can be part of a series of hills. Some can even be mountains. The strategies for climbing the different types of hills must be considered in relation to whether one is climbing an isolated hill, a series of hills, or a mountain, as the strategy is different for each.

This article will address the strategy for mountain bike climbing up an isolated hill.

Climbing an Isolated Hill

An isolated hill is one that “stands alone” without any surrounding hills. The strategy employed in climbing same will depend upon whether the hill is convex or concave.

Convex Hills.

Climbing any hill takes power and speed, two components that must gradually be increased upon approaching a hill. For a convex hill (one that is steeper at the bottom), the timing and the speed of the ascent must be nearly perfect. As odd as it may sound, the way to accelerate up a convex hill is to shift down. This provides more power for the climb. But timing is everything when using this method. Downshift too soon, and exhaustion will plague the rider even before reaching the hill. Downshift too late, and climbing the hill can be too labor intensive.

Concave Hills.

Concave hills are steeper at the apex and, as such, require a different strategy than do convex hills. Two key factors to this strategy are keeping the speed steady, thus conserving energy, at the start the climb. As the hill becomes steeper, the downshifting should begin.

Another strategy to mountain bike climbing of a concave hill is to stand up on the pedals, which creates a more powerful cycle. When standing, make sure the full body is evenly distributed on both pedals. This will create sufficient power to overcome the hill.

A Few Tips for General Technique

One’s pedaling technique is also an important factor in successful mountain bike climbing. The right placement of the feet can have a huge impact on the amount of effort expended while climbing the hill. The feet should be positioned properly and the heel should be kept parallel to the ground. (If the toes are pointed down, the muscular contractions of the leg are minimized which will affect the speed and the stamina of the rider.)

Another point to consider is the cadence of the ride. (Cadence is the number of times that the pedal is rotated, on either side, per minute of cycling.) Aiming for a steady cadence is a healthy goal, whether the surface is flat or is on a hill. Cycling at a cadence of 85 to 105 is an optimum level.

When mountain bike climbing, one’s power to climb the hill will be increased at a higher cadence while downshifting to a lower gear. The effort on the pedal, however, should remain the same on both the upstroke and the down stroke. Maintaining the same amount of pressure throughout the whole pedaling cycle will create a more even stroke, which can help to maintain the energy level needed to climb the hill.

Why Should You Hire Senior Home Care Services For Your Seniors?


Seniors or elders need proper health care and assistance in their daily activities. If you have elders in your family who want to spend their remaining times in their own homes, you need to think of professional assistance, as you may not have enough time to provide them with that extra care in this hectic life. There is a wide range of home care services adequate to meet the growing needs of your senior parents. You do not have to worry about a father taking to the hospital, giving him medicines or assisting him in any other activity. Within -home care services, you can be relieved of the burdens of taking care of your parents, while making retirement years more enjoyable for them.

Taking care of seniors relative on your own could be physically and psychologically draining, even when you will find the will to get it done and also the support of the entire family. Knowing when you should get outdoors help and using a recognized senior home care provider might help strengthen family ties as well as creates a more healthy relationship between both you and your senior’s family member.

Studies show that parents can live a better life in their retirement years in their own homes. They are less vulnerable to a variety of diseases like stress, depression, high blood pressure and heart attack. Your parents feel happy, as they can see or chat with their loved ones. They feel respectable when they are assisted in their daily activities by professional caregivers. Home care services are available for 24 hours. They comprise almost everything right from providing companionship, supervising diet and eating, giving medication reminders, assisting with getting up and into the bed, taking seniors to doctor to stimulating mental awareness to chatting in a friendly way. They also involve maintaining calendars, arranging appointments, serving food, and organizing mails and letter-writing services for elders.

ComForCare home care service providers also help seniors in selecting clothing, reading, and travel arrangements. With senior care service, you can be assured that your parents enjoy life once more and engage in hobbies and crafts, watch movies, and read books they love. These services even can include taking seniors to old friend’s homes and taking them out for a meal or a trip. Housekeeping can be a tough job for seniors, but the efficient home care services ensure that your elder’s home is kept in order through cleaning, washing and ironing, dusting, bed making, vacuuming and taking the rubbish out.

Tips for Selecting a Home Care Service Provider
While selecting home care services, you need to interview at least 3 to 5 senior care providers to determine whether a person is fit for the job or not. It would be better if you involve your seniors in the interview. Be very specific about the tasks that you require a caregiver to do. Make sure you hire the person who is comfortable doing those tasks. Checking references from two or more sources is very helpful to know about the credibility of a service provider. Check the background of your service provider and make sure they offer quality services within budget. For more details on home care, visit Senior Home Care | ComForCare | Austin, TX

Different Styles of Specialized Mountain Bikes

The sport of mountain biking has grown in leaps and bounds over the last few years, and has seen a major growth spurt in sales for companies that produce specialized mountain bikes.

The days of big, heavy framed lumps of metal with knobbly tires are long gone making way for sleek, light, yet incredibly strong framed, futuristic looking bikes, with dual suspension and a variety of tire types you would usually find on a formula one racing car.

These off road machines tend to come in 4 different categories, and are usually built and set up differently to handle different terrain and riding conditions.

Cross Country (XC)

Cross country bikes are lightweight fast, most of them are now built with aluminium or carbon fibre frames, are geared to go over all types of terrain and can handle some pretty severe punishment.


Downhill bikes are specifically built to ride only down hill, they are still constructed with light weight frames come with dual suspension to handle a lot more extreme terrain, they will usually come with larger tyres than your average XC bike, with larger disc brakes which are more powerful and allows the rider greater control.

All Mountain (Trail riding)

All mountain bikes are for general riding, mountain or trail conditions. Although they are designed to be able to climb hills efficiently, they are usually a little heavier and stout than your average cross country bike. All mountain bikes are an excellent balance between efficiency, comfort and control.

Free Ride

Free ride mountain bikes are built tough to handle a lot more punishment than the other styles of bike. A free ride biker will take these bikes through hard hitting trails, drops, jumps and other crazy stunts.

These bikes are built heavy and tough, not so easy to pedal to the top of the hill, but with dual suspension and tires designed for maximum grip, to will handle anything you can throw at it on the way down.

Specialized Mountain Bikes

These 4 styles of mountain bike are just that, built and set up for a specialized style of riding.

Apart from the all mountain bike, using your bike for anything other than its intended style of riding will be difficult to do, and possibly cause damage, if not ridden under the conditions and terrain it is designed for.

Buying Tips

If you’re thinking of buying a mountain bike, I suggest doing a little homework first, check out a few different bikes in your local bike shop or read a few MTB Reviews.

Think about the type of riding you will do most often. If you have to travel long distances to a mountain or have access to off road trails you will have to think about transport to these areas as well as whether you will be able to get enough use from these types of bikes to make it worth the out lay.

If you are unsure about which direction to go, maybe start with an all mountain style bike, learn a few tricks and techniques, and get regular use from it, before upgrading or investing in any other specialized mountain bikes.

A sport like this can be expensive, but very rewarding when you get the right mix of conditions and the right gear. Do some research, try a few different styles of riding and see what suits you the best.

How Tattoo Removal Works



Tattoos have become very common in our society. People from adolescence to elderly people are now getting tattoos. Studio tattoos have proliferated across the country, offering artistic expression that continues to grow in one’s body. The public has also become more accustomed to the possibility of removing unwanted tattoos, especially with laser tattoo removal. This has triggered parallel growth in the tattoo removal industry.

Tattoo removal has been there almost along the tattoo. Older displacement methods include surgical excision, sometimes with skin grafts. This is a tried and true method and requires only one treatment. However, the side effects are unsightly scars, and possibly other scars where skin grafts are obtained. Other older removal methods include abrasives, such as grinding salt crystals shortly after the tattoo is released. Similar dermabrasion, and using a sanding device to smooth the skin down the tattoo. It can also be effective but can leave scars, depending on the depth of dermabrasion needed. Acids, such as glycolic acid or TCA, have also been used and work by the same mechanism, through chemical burns. One method of tattoo removal favored by tattoo artists involves over-tattooing with acid or salt. It is very effective and can cause severe scarring in some cases.

The laser tattoo removal was first performed extensively with a CO2 laser. This laser works by burning a shallow skin layer with each trajectory. Cloth is used to wipe the coating, with an extra focus to select tattoo pigment fragments. This method is not favored due to the presence of superficial scar tissue attached to how other caustic methods and techniques work. However, a single CO2 laser session can eliminate tattoos.

Laser tattoo removal can have side effects. The most common are hypopigmentation and hyperpigmentation. It improves over time and usually heals. It is possible to completely remove the tattoo using this laser without causing scarring, but one should not be tempted to turn the laser energy in excess. For those visitors who have the patience to return to many excursions, laser treatments offer the best opportunity to remove a complete tattoo without blemishes.

Tattoo removal research focuses on alternative inks. Some inks have been micro encapsulated so that a single laser treatment completely eliminates it. Other inks are made to fade in different time ranges. The latter does not give you the option to keep the tattoo if you decide that you really like it. Research on the new laser also took place.

4 Health Issues Men Often Complain Of As They Grow Older

Growing old has its perks and flaws. People gain a lot of experience and know-how, they get to spend more time with their families, and they receive various social and economic benefits. However, with the passing of time, the human body also experiences a lot of negatives, especially in the health area.

Here are 4 health issues men often complain of as they grow older.


Arthritis is the number one cause of disability among old men and women. However, arthritis is a broader term that encompasses over 100 different afflictions. The 3 most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and psoriatic arthritis.

Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis. This is the form that is directly related to the age of patients and is caused by the natural “wear and tear” of the cartilages that comes with aging. Weight-bearing joints such as the knees are usually the first ones that are affected. Studies have shown that weight loss is one of the key solutions to preventing osteoarthritis. Results show that losing just over 5 kilograms can reduce the risk of osteoarthritis by up to 50%.

Vision Loss

Similar to arthritis, vision loss is also caused by the natural aging of our eyes. Macular degeneration and glaucoma are the two most common afflictions that can occur in older men. Macular degeneration is caused by damaged cells within the macula. The macula is the area of the eye that’s directly responsible for seeing fine details. Men under the age of 50 only have a 2% risk of developing macular degeneration. However, by the time they reach 75, this risk increases by up to 30%.

Glaucoma is a much more prevalent affliction, although not all patients have symptoms. In glaucoma, fluid pressure within the eye rises and can potentially damage the optic nerve. Untreated, glaucoma can lead to blindness. The best prevention method against vision loss is to have regular ophthalmologist visits.

Low Testosterone Level

Testosterone has become an increasingly studied hormone, especially in older men. Larger numbers of men are reporting signs and symptoms related to low circulating testosterone, including loss of sex drive, pronounced fatigue, and general weakness. Testosterone levels can be influenced by many factors, including aging, obesity, and various other medical syndromes.

In order to combat the decrease of testosterone levels, men can resort to various solutions. For starters, weight loss should be taken into consideration due to its potential benefits for testosterone levels. Moreover, natural supplements such as ginger or vitamin D should also be considered.

Heart Condition

An aging heart won’t be as successful in pumping blood towards the tissues. A certain degree of change is expected for all aging men but there are several risk factors that should be known, as a more serious heart condition can even lead to death. To put this in perspective, heart disease is the leading cause of death in both men and women over the age of 65.

In order to reduce the risk of heart disease, doctors recommend adhering to a healthy lifestyle. This includes regular exercising, a balanced diet, and the reduction of outside risk factors such as smoking or alcohol abuse.